Knowledge Centre


Managing Occupational Exposure to Rubber Dust and Fumes


Occupational exposure to rubber dust and fumes presents a significant challenge in industries where rubber processing is a common practice. This blog aims to comprehensively address the nature of rubber fumes and dust, legal obligations for organizations, processes generating these particles, at-risk industries, exposure methods, associated health effects, and effective control measures.

Understanding Rubber Fumes and Dust:

Rubber fumes and dust are byproducts emerging during the processing of rubber materials. Fumes consist of minute particles and gases released when rubber undergoes heating, molding, or other processing methods. Conversely, rubber dust comprises airborne particles generated through cutting, grinding, or handling rubber materials.

Legal Requirements:

Stringent legal standards, particularly the Control of Substances Hazardous to Health (COSHH) Regulations in the United Kingdom, dictate the need for organizations to assess and control exposure risks, provide thorough employee training, and implement protective measures. The UK exposure limits are set at 0.6 mg/m3 for fumes and 6 mg/m3 for dust. Further the substance is classified as carcinogens and therefore employers are required to reduce exposure to as low as reasonably practical (ALARP) regardless of the measured levels.

Generation of Dust and Fumes:

The generation of rubber dust and fumes is inherent to processes like vulcanization, compounding, and molding. Mechanical procedures, such as cutting or grinding rubber materials, can also contribute to the release of airborne particles.

Industries at Risk:

Industries susceptible to exposing workers to rubber dust and fumes include rubber manufacturing plants, automotive sectors, tire production facilities, and any workplace involved in processing or recycling rubber materials.

Methods of Exposure:

Workers face potential exposure through inhalation, skin contact, or ingestion, with inhalation being the most common route. Those in close proximity to processing areas are particularly vulnerable.

Health Effects:

Exposure to rubber dust and fumes poses health risks, including respiratory issues such as coughing, wheezing, and chronic bronchitis. Prolonged exposure may lead to more severe conditions like occupational asthma and cancer. Additionally, skin contact can cause dermatitis, while ingestion may result in gastrointestinal problems.

Control Measures:

To reduce exposure, organisations can adopt a holistic approach involving engineering, administrative, and personal protective controls:

Engineering Controls:

  • Enclosure and isolation of processes that generate rubber dust and fumes.
  • Installation of efficient ventilation systems to capture and remove airborne particles.
  • Automation of processes to minimise manual handling.

Administrative Controls:

  • Worker rotation to reduce individual exposure time.
  • Regular monitoring and assessment of workplace air quality.
  • Stringent hygiene practices, including routine cleaning of work areas.

Personal Protective Equipment (PPE):

  • Provision of respiratory protective equipment (RPE) such as masks with appropriate filtration.
  • Utilisation of protective clothing to prevent skin contact.
  • Comprehensive training on proper usage and maintenance of PPE.


In conclusion, managing occupational exposure to rubber dust and fumes demands a comprehensive strategy. Employers must not only meet legal requirements and adhere to exposure limits but also prioritize the continuous refinement of control measures. By fostering a culture of safety, organizations can create workplaces where the risks of occupational exposure to rubber dust and fumes are minimized, ensuring the well-being of their workforce remains paramount. With a commitment to monitoring, assessment, and improvement, we can navigate the hazards and cultivate environments that prioritize health and safety.

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